Dr Ravi Chaturvedi of the Centre for Integrative Conservation at XTBG recently published a book with Professor J.S. Singh (Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, India) on the tropical dry deciduous forests of the world, entitled:
“Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest: research trends and emerging features”
(Publisher: Springer-Nature; ISBN 978-981-10-7259-8).
Tropical dry deciduous forests (TDFs) can be found in climates characterized by annual rainfall for 5 or more dry months each year, and often on nutrient-poor soils. The extended dry seasons of the climates where TDFs occur select for plants and animals with specific adaptations to survive these conditions. Deciduousness is a common adaptation among plants. Most of the trees drop their leaves after the rains end, and essentially halt photosynthesis, as they would otherwise be unable to survive the water loss during each dry season.
TDFs are subject to intensive anthropogenic disturbances and are among the most at-risk ecosystems in the world. In order to assess the conservation status of this forest type, information is required on its distribution pattern, climate, the structure and functional traits of its vegetation, phenology, strategies for coping with drought and nutrient poverty, and disturbances and their effects. The authors review important studies on TDFs around the world, particularly those in the northern dry deciduous forests of India, where they have conducted most of their own research.
Dr Chaturvedi is presently a postdoctoral fellow in the Community Ecology and Conservation Group, studying deciduous and evergreen communities in dry forest systems in Yunnan, China.
Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China
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